In this post, we try to explore what is the definition of NDA and what key elements of an NDA mean
Non-Disclosure Agreement is one of the most widely used contracts in the world of business. Although there are multiple types of NDAs signed for different types of engagements, the general definition of NDA remains same. In this post, we try to explore what is the definition of NDA and what key elements of an NDA mean from a lay-man’s perspective.
As per definition, “a contract by which two or more parties agree not to disclose confidential information that they have shared with each other as a necessary part of doing business together”.
This might be a lot of information packed in a single sentence, but if one breaks the parts and tries to analyse, it gives us everything that we need to understand what is a Non-Disclosure Agreement, or simply, the NDA.
“a contract” – An NDA is a contract. A contract is a legally enforceable agreement. And, an agreement must have more than one party to it. So, this means A contract is a legally binding agreement between two or more parties. The most important part here is the legal binding. Which means, if the contract is broken by any of the parties, the other party can take the matter to court.
“agree not to disclose” – This is one of the most important parts of the NDA. The parties entering the contract agree not to disclose the information to anyone else. This is important in the case where your team or other partners have to access that information. Unless it is mentioned in the NDA, you cannot share the information even with your team members or partners. In case you have to share the information with your team, it has to be mentioned in the NDA.
“confidential information” – This is again a very important part of the definition. Every organization has one set of information that is public and then another set of information that is private/confidential. The NDA applies only to the confidential information of the party. Even if you have signed the NDA, you are only constrained to share the confidential information.
“shared with each other” – In the confidential information, the NDA applies to the information shared between the parties. This means, you can access only the shared information. In case, by any means, you have access to any other confidential information that is confidential, you can still face legal action.
“necessary part of doing business” – Although this part of the definition is fairly easy to understand, but one has to keep in mind that this shared information can be used only for the current business engagement under discussion. It cannot be applied to any other engagement with the same party, without the two parties consenting for the same.
So, at a high level, an NDA is a legally binding agreement signed between parties to restrict the use of information being shared between the parties to only specific use cases or engagements.
If you run a business that enters into NDAs with other parties and are not sure if you are generating NDAs with correct information, you can create NDA using Legitt. Also, you can explore different templates of NDAs here.
Some of the commonly used NDAs are:
- General NDA. You can read more about general NDAs here
- Employer-Employee NDA. You can read more about NDAs signed between employee and employer here
- NDA signed between a company and a vendor or a service provider. You can read more about NDAs signed between a company and its vendor/service provider here
- NDA signed between a company and a contract worker. You can read more about NDAs signed between a company and its contract workers here
- NDA signed between a company and a client. You can read more about NDAs signed between a company and its client(s) here.
As a business besides the NDAs you would be signing a lot of other legal documents if you are searching for additional legal documents that you may be signing as a business you can explore them here.